DSC00829.jpgDSC00833.jpgDSC00823.jpg

Both kids had the day off school today.  There is less than an inch of snow and none of it stuck to the roads.  It was very pretty, though, coating all the trees.

DSC00836.jpg

After about forty minutes outside, they asked for hot cocoa.

DSC00851.jpgDSC00848.jpg

 

 

DSC00853.jpgThis recipe (hardly even a recipe) is very simple, and not too rich.  It is just right for a treat for the kids, as it makes two or three small servings.

2 T. cocoa

2 T. white sugar

tiny pinch of salt

1 dash of vanilla

1 cup milk

Dump the dry ingredients in a small saucepan. Add the vanilla and a splash of milk so that you form a thick liquid.  Heat on medium low for a few minutes until everything bubbles up.  Let it boil for a minute or so, then add the rest of the milk and heat through on low.  Pour into tea cup sized cups and top with marshmallows.

Kids’ Favorite Hot Cocoa


We have had what feels like two weeks of straight clouds and rain, which gets a little depressing after a while. The fireplace has been going constantly, even though it has only been in the 40s.  I need the coziness.

DSC00650.jpg

I tried to liven things up a bit inside with some house plants.  We finished this house in late October and it still looks very bare.  I hate “decor” items such as giant letters on walls, faux farmhouse horribleness found at Target, and other meaningless things purchased to fill space, but I made peace with the plants.  After the Christmas decorations come down, and before there are flowers outside, you need something.

DSC00811.jpg

Still pretty plain.  I want to find a sideboard or china cabinet to hold my girls’ puzzles and lego sets.  This is their preferred spot for those activities.

DSC00809.jpg

A plant for the kitchen island.  Look at the weather outside, yuck.  I actually bought two more palm trees but apparently neglected to take pictures of them, even though I was taking pictures for that specific reason.

DSC00808.jpg

It helps to have a resident artist who can paint beautiful winter snowman scenes.

I pruned some peach tree branches to force into bloom inside.  Just cut, put in water, and keep them indoors.  I cut some every week or two, starting late January, so I have a steady supply of blooms.  They have a long way to go.  Their bareness does not bother me though.DSC00812.jpg

 

DSC00807.jpg

We have been inside a lot, doing art.

DSC00732.jpgDSC00730.jpg

Baking together..DSC00717.jpg

Making some cozy-smelling vanilla soap…

DSC00815.jpg

And thinking of spring.

Around the house: January


 

DSC00053.jpg

Last night I found our sweet little cat, Figaro, dead by the door to our barn.  He came with the property when we bought it three years ago, wandering over one day and staying.  I have no idea how old he was.  He slept on our porch every night, even when it was cold out and we would leave the barn open for him.  He was good at catching mice, chipmunks, and rabbits, and will be missed very much.

IMG_1768.jpg

Our girls loved him, especially Maddie, who would tell him about her day at school when she came home.

DSC00125.jpg

He had a small injury to his neck.  Matt thinks maybe an eagle got him and then dropped him after realizing he was not something he wanted to eat.  We do have huge bald eagles that perch on our oaks and look around.  Poor little guy.

DSC00298.jpg

I buried him as soon as I found him, by a row of pine trees, and surrounded his grave with little rocks.

In the spring we will get some kittens and train them to go into the barn at night.  We need them for rodent control, and will need the promise of something happy to cheer up the girls.

DSC00820.jpg

Farm Cat


DSC00803.jpg

 

This is my absolute favorite soap recipe.  It is is better than any bar soap you can buy at the drug store, and I prefer it to to any other cold process type I have tried.

This recipe makes forty ounces, which nicely fills a good sized wooden mold.  Mine is from Brambleberry.  It will also fill a silicone bar mold, like the 16 bar one I have.  You can’t easily do swirls in a silicone bar mold, but it is easy to pop out your soap and you don’t have to cut it.  I started with that and bought the wooden one after I was more comfortable.

If it is your first time making soap, I would recommend the 100% coconut soap that I posted earlier until you are comfortable with the process.  If having soap for cleaning does not interest you, you could do a basic recipe that is 30% olive, 30% coconut, 30% palm, and 10% of a “luxury oil” like avocado or shea butter.

But honestly, it is not that much more work to measure out a few more oils, and it is worth it to have a product you will be excited about.

Another thing you MAY want to skip is color and fragrance. I would certainly not attempt a swirl your first time, but doing a single color is probably ok.  I do not like unscented soap, so I wouldn’t both making one without fragrance, but it is not necessary if you don’t like it.

The basic process is melting oils, adding lye to water to create a chemical solution, then blending those together to make soap.  While the soap is still liquid, fragrance and color are added if desired.  It is then poured into a mold to set, and cured for a few weeks.  That’s it.  It requires a lot of special ingredients, but actually doing it is no harder than making a cake.

Here’s the recipe:

11 oz. coconut oil

9 oz. olive oil

9 oz. palm oil

2 oz. sweet almond oil

4 oz. castor oil

4 oz. avocado oil

2 oz. mango butter

5.83 oz of lye

10-15 oz. water

4 T. of fragrance (for a strong scent, vary this to your preferences)

DSC00786.jpg

All my oils I ordered from Brambleberry, except my olive oil which is from Costco.

 

First measure your lye and water separately using a digital scale, then carefully combine them.  Pour your water into a cup you don’t care much about, then add the lye, stir it until it dissolves, and set it somewhere it will not be knocked over, drank, or otherwise messed with.

DSC00788.jpg

Then you measure your oils, using your scale, zeroing out the scale before each addition. DSC00787.jpg

The coconut oil and palm oil may need to be softened before you can get them out of the bag.  I do this in the microwave.  It the summer it is not necessary.

Melt them on your stovetop, bringing the temperature up to around 140.

Now everything needs to cool to about 110 to 120 degrees.  It will take a few hours.  Check with a thermometer.

Once your temperatures are right, it is time to combine.  BEFORE you do this, make sure any color and fragrance you want to add are ready to go, and that your mold is prepared.  A wooden mold needs to be lined with freezer or parchment paper.  A silicone mold requires no prep.

Blend….

DSC00796.jpgDSC00797 (1).jpg

Until everything is combined and you have reached a thin “trace”.  This means your soap had thickened up JUST a little.  If you were to drizzle a bit of soap of top, it would stay instead of sinking in.  I started out liking a thicker trace, but have come to like it thinner so I can do swirls.  Either is fine, and does not really affect the final product

Here is where I added my color and fragrance.  I don’t have pictures, but stir BY hand, not using the motor of your blender.

Then pour everything into your prepared mold.DSC00801.jpgDSC00803.jpg

Wrap in some old quilts to keep it warm, OR put in an oven set to 140 degrees or less.  Let the oven run for an hour and then turn it off, leaving the soap overnight.  Or just leave it wrapped up overnight.

The next morning or afternoon you take it out and cut it into bars.  Use three or four weeks later.  You will love it.

 

Making cold process soap for the shower


dsc00784

I started making cold process soap about two years ago, when my mother in law sent me birthday money and I decided to spend it on the supplies I would need.  She thought it was about the strangest thing she had ever heard.  It is one crafty-type hobby that I love the most and have stuck with the best.  It feels truly useful, and I love the product I create.

It took me about six months to create my favorite recipe, but I have a very nice one that is good for hand, face, and body that I will share some time soon.  It uses a lot of different oils and I like to do combine fragrances and colors so it is not a great one if you are just starting out.

All soap is a combination of oils, lye, and water.  Basically a chemical reaction occurs between the lye and oil (the water is really just a delivery method for the lye), and the end result is soap.  The different oils you choose and the amount of lye affects your soap in different ways.  Some oils are good at creating a lot of lather, some are moisturizing, some clean well, some make your bar last longer. I would say that the oils you choose are the single greatest difference between different kinds of soap.  I like my soap moisturizing and with a lot of lather, so I worked on my proportions of oil until that is what I got.

If you are going to start soap making, you will need some new things.  I order all my supplies for Brambleberry because I love their fragrances and customer service.  If you do not have a stick blender or a kitchen scale that measures in ounces, you MUST have one for this project.  I ordered both of these specifically for soap making but now I use them all the time for cooking.  I measure my bread ingredients by volume now, and use the stick blender for soups, beans, and probably other things I can’t think of now.

You will also need to order oils and lye.  The most commonly used soap making oils are olive, coconut, and palm oil.  Coconut is very cleansing and lathering and creates a hard bar.  It can also be very drying, which is why it is balanced out with olive and palm which are more moisturizing.  My first soap recipe I made was 30% olive, 30% coconut, 30% palm, and 10% avocado.  It was nice, but I have added quite a few oils since.  This would be a good starting point if you don’t want to order and measure a million oils.

You will want some bowls and cups that you don’t mind setting aside just for soaping.  I find that if you are using a strong fragrance oil the scent can linger in plastics so it is best to have some just for soap.

Today I wanted to share a recipe that is a little different, and super easy for a beginner.  It is a 100% coconut oil soap that is made specifically for cleaning.  Since there is only ONE oil, it is nice and simple.  I grate it for homemade laundry detergent, rub in on stains with a little water to spot treat clothes, and even clean my showers and toilets with it.

Coconut Oil Soap for Cleaning

You will need:

30 ounces of coconut oil

10-12 ounces of water

5.52 ounces of lye

(OPTIONAL: color and fragrance)

dsc00769

First you measure all your ingredients using your digital scale.  dsc00772dsc00770

I forgot to take a picture of the lye.  If you order from Brambleberry, it comes in white flakes in a jar with skulls on it.  Do not be alarmed.  If you can handle bleach in a safe manner, you will be okay.

Next you mix your lye and water.  Always add the lye to the water.  This means put your measured water in a old cup and then add your measured lye flakes, stir until dissolved and set aside.  Mark the glass so someone doesn’t accidentally drink it and die.  It can give off fumes and some people like to put it by an open window or outside.  I don’t want my outdoor cat drinking it, so I just put it up on the windowsill.

dsc00788

It will be cloudy, but will clear up as it cools.

Next you melt your oils and bring them up to about 130 degrees.

dsc00773

Your coconut oil will start out white and solid, but will melt to look like any other cooking oil in a pan.  Like Crisco!.

Now everything needs to set aside and cool.  The lye water will have shot up in temperature once it mixed with the water, and your oils have been heated in a pan.  They need to cool to about 110 to 120 degrees.  These will take a few hours.  You want them about the same temperature before they are blended, at least no more than 20 degrees difference.

Once the temperatures are right, it is time to combine them using your stick blender.  Before you start this, have any fragrance and color you want to add ready to go.  Also have the mold you are pouring to ready to go.  Things will move quickly and start turning into soap right away, so you want to be ready.

Dump you lye water into your pot of oil, and blend using the lowest setting on your stick blender.  You are looking for something called “trace” which is when your soap has the consistency of a very thin pudding.  I like a very thin trace, so I stop as soon as it looks thicker than water and dragging my blender leaves any type of mark.

DSC00777.jpg

Once you are there, add any fragrance and color you like.  I wanted my bars to be pale pink just because I think it looks pretty grated.  I had a bottle of lavender fragrance that was almost empty, so I added two tablespoons of that as well to finish it off.  To be honest, if you are trying to have scented clothes, homemade laundry soap is not going to cut it, so don’t go crazy here.

Pour into your molds.  Remember, this is for cleaning.  Who cares if they are perfect?  Another reason this is a great starter soap.

dsc00783

They will be ready to pop out in 24 hours.  I put mine in the freezer while they were setting so I could keep the color nice and light (heat as the soap is hardening intensifies the color).

dsc00784

Then they need to cure.  You are not using this on your skin, and the bar is already very hard, so two weeks is plenty. It just needs to dry out a bit and finish the chemical reaction so there is not any “raw” lye that will make it too harsh.

To turn into laundry detergent:

dsc00791dsc00789-1

Just grate two bars in your food processor, and add a box of borax and a box of washing soda.  Mix it up and keep it somewhere air tight. Not complicated.

As laundry detergent goes, it is fine, but I still soak towels and kids clothes in oxi-clean before washing to remove any tough stains.  (I did this when I was using ultra expensive Tide, too.) I also add Downy Unstoppables to our sheets and towels since my husband likes them scented.

To use in cleaning:

I keep a container of soap flakes in my bathrooms, and clean the shower using a wet rag and soap, then rinse off.  It leaves a really nice shine, no residue, and cleans very very well.  I also sprinkle them in the toilet bowl and scrub.  I really feel if you are willing to clean before things get bad there is no need to use such harsh cleaners.  (Part of the benefit of a cleaning schedule.)

 

You may want to label these bars so no one accidentally bathes with them.

Give it a try!  I will post the shower soap recipe next time I make it. It is the only kind of soap my family uses, and it makes a great gift, whereas soap to use for laundry would be a pretty terrible one.

Making Cold Process Soap